Faculty Achievements Faculty Achievements

Dr. Huma Baqai

Research Publication
IBA faculty publishes paper on effects of demographic movements in Karachi

Dr. Huma Baqai, Associate Professor – Social Sciences, IBA Karachi, along with her colleague Dr. Mehtab S. Karim, Vice Chancellor and Executive Director, Centre for Studies in Population and Health, Malir University of Science and Technology, have recently had their research paper titled, "Migration and its Impact on Political Scenario: The Case of Karachi", published in Vol 3(2) of the Pakistan Journal of International Affairs. It is accessible at:



The impact of population growth is felt on every wake of life. The movement of population from one country to another or within a country has its own consequences. Goldstone et al (2012) have thus argued, that the world's population is changing in ways that are historically unprecedented, having its own political consequences such as, the performance of the government due to increasing demand for services and the distribution of political power at intra-state level. Thus, internal migration, which is from high fertility rural zones to urban centers – in developing countries like Pakistan - in search of livelihood and employment, results in concentration of population in slums and squatter settlements on the one hand and a youth bulge in urban areas, further contributing to this phenomenon and unprecedented urbanization. State's inability to address this demographic change effectively results in strained resources and poor governance. In turn, it creates xenophobia, where native populations blame the new migrants for deteriorating civic amenities; and generates various conflicts of critical nature. Pakistan, since its inception as an independent country, has experienced both international and internal migration that resulted in socio-economic crisis, political agitation and violent ethnic conflicts. In this backdrop, this paper takes into account the migration patterns in Pakistan since 1947 and focuses on Karachi for it being the most affected city. It theorizes that the conflict matrix of Karachi is fairly indicative of fault lines and argues that these fault lines will turn into gaping holes if timely actions are not taken.

The book, Making Sense of Post COVID-19 Politics, is an attempt to answer the questions thrown up by COVID-19. It is a co-edited book by Dr. Huma Baqai and Dr. Nausheen Wasi, who is a faculty at Department of International Relations, University of Karachi, and a visiting faculty SSLA at IBA Karachi; they are also contributors. Ms. Sabiha Mehreen, Co-Researcher with Dr. Huma Baqai, is also a contributor. All twelve contributors are established scholars in their respective fields. The book has been published by Ameena Saiyid, CEO Lightstone Publishers and is supported by Karachi Council for Foreign Relations (KCFR).

The book dwells on three powerful shifts: 1) from state security to human security; 2) from greed-driven capitalism to conscience-laced capitalism; and 3) from US-Euro centric global politics to an Asia-centric order. This book brings together some of the best minds in Pakistan to make sense of chaos and confusion and initiate scholarly debates on different aspect of COVID-19 led changes. It identifies potential security threats, challenges to the existing ideological politico-economic divide, issues of human security and response mechanisms, and two very central issues of Kashmir and the 18th amendment.